Third Circuit Rules that Samsung Cannot Compel Arbitration Based on Clause “Buried” in Safety and Warranty Guide

The Third Circuit Court of Appeals recently held that Samsung cannot force arbitration in a consumer fraud class action about the battery life of its Galaxy Gear S Smartwatch.  Noble v. Samsung Electronics America, Inc.

Plaintiff had purchased a smartwatch but found, after trying three of them, that the battery lasted for only a few hours, compared to the advertised “24 to 48 hours with typical use.” Finding that others were in a similar position, Noble filed a class action complaint in federal court in New Jersey. Samsung sought to compel arbitration based on an arbitration clause in the company’s 143 page “Health and Safety and Warranty Guide,” included in the Samsung Smartwatch box.

Affirming the district court’s decision denying Samsung’s motion to compel arbitration, the Third Circuit found that Noble had no actual or constructive notice of the arbitration provision because it was not “reasonably conspicuous.”  The “Guide” in which the arbitration clause was included, “buried” the terms on page 97 of the document.  Unlike previous cases involving “shrinkwrap” or “clickwrap” agreements, Samsung’s “Guide” did not clearly inform customers that they are agreeing to certain terms upon purchase and use of the product.

The Third Circuit’s decision is a reminder to businesses to ensure not only the visibility of their terms and conditions, but also an indication that the terms are a contract to which a consumer is binding himself.

For assistance in editing your company’s agreements or product enclosures, or for further information on the Noble decision, please contact Kathleen Barnett Einhorn, Esq., Chair of the Firm’s Complex Commercial Litigation Group, at keinhorn@genovaburns.com or Jennifer Borek, Esq., Partner in the Complex Commercial Litigation Group, at jborek@genovaburns.com.

Federal Circuit Gives Samsung Another Victory Against Apple In The Smartphone Patent War

Update: On March 21, 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court granted Samsung’s certiorari petition regarding a separate patent (a design patent and related trade dress registration for the design elements of the iPhone).  The Court agreed to review a limited question regarding the types of damages available in such cases: “Where a design patent is applied to only a component of a product, should an award of infringer’s profits be limited to those profits attributable to the component?”

In another twist of fortunes in the long-running smartphone patent war between Apple and Samsung, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit has once again overturned Apple’s patent infringement jury verdict – this time for $119.6 Million – against Samsung. The Court left intact Samsung’s small $158,400 verdict against Apple.

The case was initially filed by Apple in February 2012, in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, alleging that Samsung infringed eight of Apple’s patents used on the iPhone. Not to be outdone, Samsung countersued alleging that Apple had infringed eight of its patents used in Samsung’s Android smartphones.

After a series of trial rulings and appeals, the parties conducted a 13-day trial and the jury awarded $119.6 million to Apple based on a finding that Samsung had infringed Apple’s “structures,” “slide to unlock,” and “autocorrect” patents. Samsung was not nearly as successful, with the jury awarding it a mere $158,400 in damages for the infringement of its “camera systems” patent.

Though Apple won the trial court battle, on appeal, the Federal Circuit has granted ultimate victory to Samsung, finding that Apple’s “slide to unlock” and “autocorrect” patents were invalid (and therefore not patentable) because the evidence indicated that the inventions would have been “obvious” to a person having ordinary skill in the art, in light of the publically available information at the time the inventions were made. The Court also reversed the jury’s decision that Samsung had infringed Apple’s “structures” patent based on a technical finding that the patent required the use of a “analyzer server” and Apple failed to present sufficient evidence to allow a jury to conclude that the Samsung software met this “analyzer server” limitation. Apple has a small chance of turning the wheel of fortune back if an en banc Federal Circuit agrees to hear the case or if the U.S. Supreme Court agrees to grant certiorari.

As this case demonstrates, fortunes can be won and lost on appeal and, as such, it is critically important to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of each case even after a jury verdict is rendered.

For more information regarding patent litigation and appeals or the Court’s Federal Circuit’s decision, please contact Kathleen Barnett Einhorn, Esq., Director of the firm’s Complex Commercial Litigation Group at keinhorn@genovaburns.com, or Jennifer Borek, Esq., a Partner in the Complex Commercial Litigation Group at jborek@genovaburns.com.